Scientific name: Prionailurus bengalensis iriomotensis
The Iriomote cat is a subspecies of the leopard cat living exclusively on the Japanese island of Iriomote. It has been classified as Critically Endangered by IUCN since 2008, as the population size is fewer than 250, is declining, and consists of a single sub population. As of 2007, there are an estimated 100–109 individuals remaining.
Iriomote cats are terrestrial, but climb trees, go into the water and also swim.