Scientific name: Panthera pardus kotiya
The Sri Lankan leopard (Panthera pardus kotiya) is a leopard subspecies native to Sri Lanka. Classified as Endangered by IUCN, the population is believed to be declining due to numerous threats including poaching for trade and human-leopard conflicts. No subpopulation is larger than 250 individuals.
As of December 2011, there are 75 captive Sri Lankan leopards in zoos worldwide.